The official publication of the Association for Experts in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

A group of researchers from NorthShore University HealthSystem executed a study of adult patients in order to determine the efficacy of 70 % alcohol-impregnated disinfection caps over the typical cleaning protocol, which involves scrubbing the catheter hub with an alcoholic beverages disinfectant wipe prior to accessing the lines. In a three-phased study, contamination rates among 799 individuals sampled from three hospitals declined from a baseline of 12.7 % using the standard cleaning protocol, to 5.5 % when the disinfection cap was used, and increased back to 12 % when the intervention was removed and standard process was reinstated.Melendi, M.D., and Fernando P. Polack, M.D.: Pediatric Hospitalizations Associated with 2009 Pandemic Influenza A in Argentina Three times during the past century, pandemic influenza viruses possess circulated globally and caused increased morbidity and mortality among individuals who were not generally at an increased risk for severe seasonal influenza.1 In March 2009, a fresh strain of pandemic influenza A virus emerged in Mexico, where it triggered extensive disease in adults,2,3 and was associated with increased morbidity in the United States.4,5 The 2009 2009 H1N1 virus spread rapidly over the Southern Hemisphere.6,7 Morbidity and mortality were particularly high in Argentina, with amounts of confirmed cases and deaths second only to those in the usa.