For instance, with the dramatic growth in surgery becoming performed in ambulatory medical centers and a rise in the amount of these medical procedures centers in the U.S. Over the last two decades – from 336 in 1985 to 5,047 in 2007 – ensuring safe procedures within these settings has become more critical, especially since federal inspections have determined breaches in standard practices to prevent infections in over 60 % of ASCs. AHRQ’s new tasks also focus on end-stage renal disease and long-term treatment facilities, because their more than 500,000 patients and more than 1.5 million residents, respectively, are vulnerable to infections particularly. Related StoriesGenetic carrier screening: an interview with Don Hardison, CEO of Good Begin GeneticsDiabetic retinopathy therapy improvements: an interview with Richard Kirk, CEO of PolyphotonixCancer diagnosis improvements in England: an interview with Lucy Elliss-BrookesThese awards are a component of a Department-wide effort to handle HAIs.To efficiently assess these and future investigational TB vaccines, biomarkers correlated with vaccine efficiency are needed. A biomarker would facilitate clinical studies of vaccines across research institutions, geographic locations and within different focus on age ranges and populations, streamlining and standardizing the regulatory review of clinical trial data. ‘The advancement of biomarkers, those that measure bacteriocidal results correlated with TB vaccine performance particularly, could help shorten timeframes for presenting brand-new TB vaccines, as we use regulatory agencies just like the FDA to conduct medical trials and approve brand-new TB vaccines,’ stated Michael Brennan, PhD, Senior Advisor for Global Affairs at Aeras.